Zowel in India als in Bangladesh zijn miljoenen mensen geëvacueerd. Het dodental loopt op.
Tropical Cyclone "Fani" forced one of the biggest human evacuations in history, death toll rises to At least 16 people have been killed in India and another 14 in Bangladesh due to strong winds and heavy rain produced by Tropical Cyclone "Fani" since it made landfall May 3, 2019. More than 200 were injured.
The cyclone forced officials to conduct one of the biggest human evacuations in history - more than 1.2 million in India in 24 hours and another million in Bangladesh.
Odisha state officials said massive restoration work is underway in 10 000 villages and 52 urban areas ravaged by the storm.
The death toll rose to 16 late May 4: 4 in Mayurbhanj district, 3 in Puri, 3 in Bhubaneswar, 3 in Jajpur and 1 each in Keonjhar, Nayagarh and Kendrapara.
Nearly 3 million people were left without power in different parts of the state.
Officials said a large number of animals were killed by the storm, forcing them to deploy veterinary teams to dispose of the dead bodies.
Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy launched massive rescue and rehabilitation effort across the state, home to 46 million people.
Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik described the storm as 'rarest of rare' to hit India in years.
"Because of its rarity, the tracking and prediction was very challenging. In fact, till 24 hours of landfall, one was not sure about the trajectory it was going to take because of the predictions of different agencies," Patnaik said.
"This led to one of the biggest human evacuations in history - a record 1.2 million people were evacuated in 24 hours," he said.
Highlighting the zero-casualty cyclone preparedness policy of the Indian Government, Denis McClean, a spokesperson for the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, said that 'the almost pinpoint accuracy of the early warnings from the Indian Meteorological Department had enabled the authorities to conduct a well-targeted evacuation plan, which had involved moving more than one million people into storm shelters.'
In 1999, Odisha was hit by a super-cyclone and storm surge 20 km (12.4 miles) inland, which resulted in deaths of at least 10 405 people. The 1999 Odisha cyclone (IMD designation BOB 06, JTWC designation 05B) was the strongest recorded tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and among the most destructive in the region. Its highest sustained winds were 260 km/h (160 mph) and lowest pressure 912 hPa.
Although Fani was comparable to the 1999 cyclone, Odisha was ready this time thanks to improved forecasting models, intense public awareness campaigns and well-drilled evacuation plans.
West Bengal officials said Fani did not cause much damage in their state, except to several huts.
Tropical Cyclone "Fani" track. Credit: JRC, ADAM, WFP
Tropical Cyclone "Fani" on May 3, 2019. Credit: NASA Terra/MODIS
Fani entered Bangladesh on May 4 as a deep depression, affecting the coastal districts of Chattogram, Noakhali, Laxmipur, Feni, Chandpur, Borguna, Bhola, Patuakhali, Barishal, Pirozpur, Jhalokathi, Bagherhat, Khulna and Satkhira as well as their offshore islands by storm surges estimated at 0.6 - 1.2 m (2 - 4 feet) height above normal astronomical tide levels.
At least 14 people were killed and 50 injured due to tree falls and wall collapse in Barguna, Noakhali and Patuakhali, DG ECHO reported May 5.
At least 36 villages in Patuakhali, Bagerhat, Bhola and Satkhira were inundated as storm surges breached earthen dykes and overflew them, according to the National Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC).
A total of 32.28 km (20 miles) of earthen dykes were damaged.
Around 13 000 houses were fully or partially damaged in the coastal districts, including Bhola, Chandpur, Bagerhat, Khulna, Satkhira, Patuakhali and Barguna, according to the NDRCC.
Crops on 133 ha (330 acres) were totally damaged while those on 21 338 ha (52 728 acres) were partially affected.
According to the Category 1 Report for May 4 by Site Management and Site Sector in Cox’s Bazar, 144 refugees’ households representing 646 refugees are affected by the storm.
With maximum sustained winds of 250 km/h (155 mph) on May 2, Fani became the strongest of any cyclones this early in a calendar year in the North Indian Ocean since the Bangladesh Cyclone of 1991.
Fani is one of the strongest storms to hit India in 20 years.
The timing of such a powerful storm is unusual, IMD said. Over the past 50 years, nearly 60% of extremely severe cyclones made landfall between October and December.
Categorie 4 orkaan #Fani ligt boven de Golf van Bengalen, met maximale windsnelheden ruim boven de 200 km/uur! Het komende etmaal zal dit systeem de kust van India bereiken: zowel wind als regen (lokaal tot 500 mm) kunnen voor veel schade en overlast zorgen. #CycloneFani pic.twitter.com/dHRxWqwSDU— Wouter van Bernebeek (@StormchaserNL) 2 mei 2019
As #CycloneFani moves up towards India ???????? and Bangladesh ????????, teams are out, helping communities prepare for this severe cyclone storm ????whose force is expected to intensify. #earlywarning #earlyaction pic.twitter.com/EQ3y6KpK5Y— IFRC Asia Pacific (@IFRCAsiaPacific) 30 april 2019
As a State, Odisha is the most docile and humble state. The lowest human mortality count for a Grade 4 Tropical Cyclone that is 9 as per the official SRC count.Hats off to all the individual in the government for such act. #Fani #FaniUpdates #FaniCyclone pic.twitter.com/g6lOO1lOjo— Tarun kumar (@Dtarun007) 3 mei 2019
Extensive damage to structure of AIIMS Bhubaneswar reported. All patients, staff, students safe. Many water tanks have blown off,lighting poles are down, air-conditioners damaged.#FaniCyclone #Fani pic.twitter.com/9dOfDv38aQ— Rohit Raj (@rajoberio1) 3 mei 2019
None of national news channel covering #Fani ...all busy with @narendramodi vs masood and @RahulGandhi regret .All busy in politics .....shame on indian media ...— Santosh Kumar (@Santosh24708848) 3 mei 2019
By the way see the severity and atleast give some coverage so that people can get help ..... pic.twitter.com/NbWXLs3tCQ
WOW!!!! Destructive winds around the eyewall of #CycloneFani at the moment in Puri, Odisha, India! Torrential rainfall also affecting the area! Video ami_press; #severeweather #SevereCycloneFani #FANI pic.twitter.com/wGDmO9uk5H— WEATHER/ METEO WORLD (@StormchaserUKEU) 3 mei 2019
#IAF #Globemaster spearheads #HADR. In support of the ongoing rehablitation efforts in #CycloneFani affected areas, IAF C-17 aircraft carried over 40 tonnes of relief material, including critical medicines to #Bhubaneswar today. pic.twitter.com/9XTXUCjyT1— Indian Air Force (@IAF_MCC) 5 mei 2019
This video shared on social media captures the intensity of the #CycloneFani fury on Odisha coast. There is severe damage across the affected districts. Appeal all to contribute towards the Odisha CMRF to enable the State to take up the restoration works. pic.twitter.com/lklpmTU0UT— Vineel Krishna (@rvineel_krishna) 5 mei 2019
Our team has reached Puri, one of the worst hit area by #CycloneFani in India. They are carrying out an assessment and will soon set up relief ops. @Khalsa_Aid @RandeepHooda @CMO_Odisha @LogicalIndians @timesofindia @ncbn @YRDeshmukh @Naveen_Odisha @AkbaruddinIndia @unisdr pic.twitter.com/eud5ERolaf— Amarpreet Singh (@amarpreet1313) 5 mei 2019
As #CycloneFani continues to push Northeast, the devastation in Odisha India is incredible and catastrophic, the Category 4 storm nearly destroyed everything, and lots of trees down, and power lines. Recovery efforts are going to take more than a year in India possibly. pic.twitter.com/NdfaOglmef— Nicholas Barretto (@WeatherBarretto) 3 mei 2019