M1 klasse zonnevlam!We zitten in een zonneminimum, maar toch heeft zonnevlek nummer AR2740 vanmorgen een M1 klasse zonnevlam geproduceerd.
NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory
In Azië heeft men deze impact gevoeld, doordat er radiostoringen waren op de korte golf (onder de 20 MHz)
Zonnevlek AR2740 heeft het oppervlakte van wel 2 aardbollen en is dus goed op de gevoelige plaat vast te leggen.
Shahrin Ahmad of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia heeft onderstaande foto gemaakt op 5 mei:
Blauwe aurora's en Steve gezien boven Canada.
Rare Blue Auroras over CanadaMay 11, 2019: Northern Lights are usually green, sometimes red. Those are the colorswe see when oxygen is hit by electrons raining down from space during a geomagnetic storm. On Friday night, however, Harlan Thomas of Calgary, Alberta, witnessed a different color: deep-blue.
Harlan Thomas of Calgary, Alberta,
“To see these incredible blue pillars was out of this world,” says Thomas.
In auroras, blue is a sign of nitrogen. Energetic particles striking ionized molecular nitrogen (N2+) at very high altitudes can produce a blue glow rarely seen during auroral displays. In this case, it was the afterglow of a CME impact.
The CME left the sun on May 6th, propelled in our direction by an explosion in the magnetic canopy of sunspot AR2740. When it finally arrived on May 10th, the slow-moving storm cloud rattled Earth’s magnetic field, triggering a minor G1-classgeomagnetic storm. Auroras were sighted in parts of Canada as well as US States such as Michigan and Minnesota.
“To top it off, STEVE appeared for several minutes as well,” says Thomas, who captured it in this shot:
STEVE is a hot (3000 degrees C) ribbon of ionized gas slicing through Earth’s upper atmosphere some 300 km above the ground. It appears unpredictably during some, but not all, geomagnetic storms. Originally thought to be a form of aurora borealis, new research shows that it is not an aurora at all.
The soft purple color of STEVE may also be caused by emissions from nitrogen, according to a new study just published in the Geophysical Research Letters. Coincidence? STEVE and blue auroras seem to share a connection to the 7th elementon the periodic table.
Blue auroras are most often seen during intense geomagnetic storms–yet this was a relatively minor storm. Why nitrogen-blue overtopped the usual hues of oxygen on May 11th is unclear. It just goes to show, auroras still have the capacity to surprise.
Aurora op het satellietbeeld?
Met samengestelde satellietbeelden van de nacht komt het noorderlicht (aurora borealis) mooi naar voren.
De witte cirkel om de noordpool heen is het noorderlicht. Je ziet ook de lichtvervuilig boven de Benelux (op dit satellietbeeld vrijwel geheel wit).
Waarom het een ovaalvorm heeft weet ik niet, als iemand het wel weet hoor ik het graag. De ovaalvorm ligt niet precies rond de geografische noordpool, maar wel precies om de magnetische noordpool (locatie hiervan ligt iets richting Canada). De reden dat het om de magnetische noordpool heen ligt, is doordat de geladen deeltjes waaruit het noorderlicht bestaat wordt afgebogen naar de magnetische noordpool. De geografische noordpool is een verzinsel door de mens om het makkelijk te houden. | Gewijzigd: 27 juni, 18:46 uur, door W. in t Erland
Stable Auroral Red arcsYou've heard of auroras--green and purple lights that dance in the sky during geomagnetic storms. But have you ever heard of an SAR? Stable Auroral Red arcs (SARs) were discovered in 1956 at the beginning of the Space Age and have been recorded by cameras on satelliteshundreds of times since. Most aurora watchers have never seen an SAR, though, because they are usually invisible to the human eye. On Aug. 5th, Harlan Thomas caught one over Peyto Lake in Alberta, Canada:
"I could not make it out with the naked eye," says Thomas, "but my camera captured the broad red arc in a 30 second exposure (ISO 3200). It meandered very slowly across the sky for hours, motions that distinguished it from ordinary green auroras visible in the sky that night." This sequence of images shows how the red arc lazily moved around:
SARs are related to auroras, but they are not the same. Regular auroras appear when high-energy particles rain down along polar magnetic field lines, hitting the atmosphere (100-200 km high) and causing it to glow like the picture tube of an old color TV. SARs form differently. They are a sign of heat energy leaking into the upper atmosphere (~400 km high) from Earth's ring current system.
SARs can become visible to the naked eye during strong geomagnetic storms. The geomagnetic storm of Aug. 5th, however, was not strong, thus requiring long camera exposures to reveal the arc.
2x kans op een G1 klasse zonnestormEarth is about to be hit by a double-stream of solar wind. The two streams are flowing from holes in the sun's atmosphere, shown here in an extreme ultraviolet image from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory:
These are "coronal holes," places where the sun's magnetic field opens up and allows solar wind to escape. Solar wind flowing from the right coronal hole is expected to arrive on Aug. 27-28. A more potent stream of solar wind flowing from the left coronal hole should reach us on Sept. 1-2.
G1-class geomagnetic storms are possible on both dates, although Sept. 1-2 is more likely to experience storm conditions. Why? Because the coronal hole on the left is spewing a faster stream of gas than the one on the right: ~650 km/s vs. ~500 km/s respectively
Update aurora borealis:Precies zoals in de verwachting lag, arriveerde de zonnewind op 27- 28 augustus. Hieronder een kleine greep uit de beelden verschenen op t net:
First night of our Aurora season and we already had a nice start! Let's hope for many more active nights. Wishing you all a great Aurora Fall & Winter ! #ExploreYukon #ExploreCanada #ComeToMyYukon #Aurora #NorthernLightsYukon #TravelYukon pic.twitter.com/Yprv77RqIV— NorthernLightsResort (@norlightsyukon) August 28, 2019
#NASA #astronaut Randy Bresnik captured this amazing video of an #aurora while onboard the #InternationalSpaceStation. An #aurora occurs when gaseous particles collide with charged particles. Variations in color are due to the type of gas particles that are colliding. #Follow pic.twitter.com/Kq27sP9cj5— TerraSpace (@TerraSpaceFL) August 28, 2019
Taking a photo of the aurora in infrared made for a bizarre and gloomy shot ????????#TeamCanon #Canon #aurora #alaska #fairbanks #infrared #cold #fall #dark #nightsky #night #stars pic.twitter.com/JPoRLlZlpb— Daniel Neal (@DLNphotos) August 28, 2019
The Northern Lights came out for a bit this morning to dance across the skies for a quick preview of what is coming this weekend. Looking NW from Gull Lake, Alberta between 4:30 and 5:00AM this morning. #Aurora #NorthernLights #StormHour pic.twitter.com/sDriRFxl27— Jeff Adams (@jeffmadams) August 27, 2019
Op zaterdag was het een G1 klasse zonnestorm en zondag kregen we zelfs een G2 klasse. Uiteraard leverde dat weer mooie beelden op:
Time-lapse of #AuroraBorealis last night in Adirondack @spann @StormHour @earthskyscience @NY1weather @ABC7NY @fox5ny @NBCNewYork @weatherchannel @AuroraNotify @Aurora_Alerts @LiveAuroraNetw1 @JJaggers_WREG3 #NorthernLights pic.twitter.com/t00UZKPlqZ— Neeti Kumthekar (@NeetiKumthekar) September 1, 2019
Haven’t seen these in a while. Glad I had the chance tonight. This weekend is supposed to be good for #AuroraBorealis. Be sure to check them out. #NorthernLights #tbay #StormHour @weathernetwork @thewalleye pic.twitter.com/UEnuW6NcIT— James Brown (@jrbrown19) August 31, 2019
A few #NorthernLights shots spanning 10pm-3am. Kind of wished I would've stayed ~1 hr longer as it looks like a few pillars flared up later from pics in VT & ME. Just too cloudy/windy where I was, so packed it in. Oh well, happy with what I saw and captured. #nh #night pic.twitter.com/hawwznGDvL— Ryan Knapp (@WXKnapper) August 31, 2019
This is perfection in the sky!!— Chena Hot Springs Resort (@ChenaHotSprings) September 2, 2019
Great shows have started it looks like a very promising Aurora season!
Reposting @cnlastro#auroraborealis #Northernlights #astrophotography #Fairbanks #alaska #nature #chenahotsprings #chsrphoto #chenariver #photography #travelalaska #AK #hiking pic.twitter.com/EF3FrfZxvr
Stunning display of the Northern Lights in northeast Montana during the morning hours of 9/1. It was incredibly bright at times and around 2 AM there was quite the display of pillars! #mtwx #Aurora #NorthernLights pic.twitter.com/eC0CARTNj2— Cory Mottice (@EverythingWX) September 1, 2019
Its fall y'all! wildfire smoke made the auroras hard to see but it definitely added a layer of spookyness to it!! #Alaska #Fairbanks #AK #auroraborealis #northernlights #halloween #Autumn #astrophotography #astronomy #explorefairbanks #aurora #SonyA7s #sonyalpha #bealpha pic.twitter.com/oD9RgsU2Sd— Andy Witteman (@CNLastro) August 31, 2019
The #NorthernLights potential is increasing this evening across the Upper Midwest.Big spike in parameters. If you have clear skies look north! Possibly as far south as northern Iowa. #IAwx pic.twitter.com/l9IeNkKbTh— Nick Stewart (@NStewCBS2) September 1, 2019
Yes! #AuroraBorealis for 2nd night on #LakeMichigan KP index went btwn 5-6 at the brightest moments #spaceweather #Astrophotography @TamithaSkov @iOptronCorp #skyguiderpro @StormHour #PureMichigan @NOAA_GLERL #NorthernLights #Canon @freep pic.twitter.com/eQvUQ633tA— Stacey Fox (@StaceyFoxArtist) September 1, 2019
About last night finally a decent photo of the #NorthernLights , between heavy showers some good gaps past midnight. Glad to see you Lady #Aurora . May be more good sightings to come.#Scotland #OuterHebrides #nightphotography #auroraborealis #StormHour @TamithaSkov pic.twitter.com/l3X9quFCTl— DaliMach StormPod (@frenchscotjeff) September 2, 2019
1e Zonnevlam van cyclus 25 en aurora alert.Zonnevlek AR2750 heeft een B1 klasse zonnevlam geproduceerd (een kleintje, maar ja we moeten toch ergens mee beginnen he ).
Omdat deze aardegericht was, kunnen we aurora's verwachten op 10 en 11 november.
SOLAR WIND, INCOMING: A new hole is opening in the sun's atmosphere, and it is spewing a stream of solar wind toward Earth. Estimated time of arrival: Nov. 10-11. Arctic sky watchers should be alert for extra-bright auroras on those dates.
THE FIRST FLARE OF SOLAR CYCLE 25: Big things have small beginnings. Years from now, observers may look back from the perch of the next Solar Maximum and realize that it all began on Nov. 5, 2019, with a very small solar flare. Extreme ultraviolet telescopes onboard NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory recorded the blast:
NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory
On the Richter Scale of Solar Flares, this one registered B1--that is, very small. B-class flares are 1000 times weaker than the intense X-flares of Solar Maximum. This small flare is nevertheless significant. It came from AR2750, one of the first sunspots of the the next solar cycle.
Sunspot AR2750 first appeared in the sun's southern hemisphere on Nov. 1st, breaking a string of 28 spotless days typical of the current Solar Minimum. A picture of AR2750 is inset in this magnetic map of the sun's surface from the Solar Dynamics Observatory:
Solar Dynamics Observatory
How do we know AR2750 belongs to the next solar cycle? Its magnetic polarity tells us so. Southern sunspots from old Solar Cycle 24 have a -/+ polarity. This sunspot is the opposite: +/-. According to Hale's Law, sunspots switch polarities from one solar cycle to the next. AR2750 is therefore a member of new Solar Cycle 25.
Solar cycles always mix at their boundaries. So far this year, short-lived sunspots likely belonging to Solar Cycle 25 have been reported on May 28, July 1st, July 8th, and Nov. 1st. They were interspersed with a similar number of old Solar Cycle 24 spots. This type of mixing is normal.
The increasing frequency of new cycle sunspots does not mean Solar Minimum is finished. On the contrary, low solar activity will probably continue for at least another year as Solar Cycle 24 decays and Solar Cycle 25 slowly sputters to life. If forecasters are correct, Solar Cycle 25 sunspots will eventually dominate the solar disk, bringing a new Solar Maximum as early as 2023.
G1 klasse zonnestorm verwacht op 21 november.
De zonnestorm is afkomstig uit een coronaal gat (zie afbeelding):
Dit coronale gat is al 4x eerder "voorbij gekomen" en heeft telkens een G1 klasse zonnestorm geproduceerd.
De update volgt als de foto's op "het net" verschijnen.